HISTORY OF THE LAB
Our laboratory of medical & physics researches has while no long own history within MONIKI. However as a large and multiprofile center of medical science which is on the front line of scientific research, MONIKI in its structure throughout all contemporary history, since 1960th years, had not only specialized medical department or clinical-diagnostic laboratories, but also it included a number of experimental technical divisions which are necessary for development of medical equipment of the institute as well as to solve scientific and practical problems of medicine, which are located on a boundary between physics, technology and medicine. As an example of such divisions we can mark created in 1965 in radiology department of MONIKI and functioning today physical-dozimetric laboratory. In 1970-1982 when intensively various radio-electronic, television and electronic-computing devices have started to take root into clinical practice, at institute actively functioned both laboratory of medical electronics (headed by Ph.D., MD E.J.Eskin) and automation laboratory (headed by A.Korjakov), subsequently formed a basis for creation of incorporated laboratory of automation and electronics, and later – laboratory of medical cybernetics and department of computer technologies. Here it is necessary to mention the existed in the mid-eighties on the basis of MONIKI joint with Moscow Radio-Technical Institute named after academician A.L.Minz of Russian Academy of Science (MRTI) laboratory of medical radio-electronics (headed from MRTI by V.I.Rechitsky), which has played a key role in the late eighties years in development of laser technologies in MONIKI and promoting occurrence in 1989 in MONIKI the specialized laboratory of «Laser medicine» by association of "laser" medical group of the laboratory of "Experimental and clinical pathophysiology" and a group of laser engineers of the joint with MRTI laboratory of medical radio-electronics.
From the problems of application of lasers in medicine, since occurrence in 1989 in MONIKI the laboratory of "Laser medicine" headed by Ph.D., MD, Prof. M.T.Aleksandrov originates, to some extent, all scientific life of all our laboratory. M.Aleksandrov's work and a work of his research assistant at that time Ph.D., D.A.Rogatkin in 1990th have been concentrated on problems of development of new methods and devices for laser clinical biophotometry (biospectrophotometry) - such originally name had this diagnostic direction in our country. After Aleksandrov's dismissal in 1996 the laboratory of "Laser medicine" as a serious scientific division has actually ceased to exist, but researches have been continued by Dmitry Rogatkin on the basis of radiological department and by Ph.D. Ludmila Lapaeva on a base of endoscopic department of the institute together with doctors and research assistants of these and other divisions of MONIKI. More in detail - see our article (here, PDF, 460K, Russian version only, sorry) "Laboratory of medical-physical researches and laser technologies at MONIKI named after M.F.Vladimirskiy", published in the bulletin of Laser Association of Russia (LAR) "Laser-inform" No.23 (422) in December 2009 as well as in a collection book by LAR "As it was" (second edition) in 2010. During the period of 1996-2004 a lot of efforts of the specified scientific group at MONIKI headed by Dr. Dmitry Rogatkin were aimed on creation of new methods and devices for the biophotometry (reflectance tissues oximeter "Spectrotest", laser multifunctional diagnostic systems "LAZDICOM" and "LAKK-M" etc.), and also on structural division of all problems of further developments of this scientific direction on subsections and subdirections as follows:
- Scientifically-engineering bases of creation, design and development of hardware and software of diagnostic devices and systems;
- Mathematical modeling of distribution of laser radiation in light-scattering biological tissues and media;
- Development of multifunctional laser diagnostic systems, which combine various methods of noninvasive medical spectrophotometry inside a single hardware;
- Clinical techniques of application of the laser diagnostic methods and devices as well as techniques of interpretation of the diagnostic results.
In the end of XX - and in the beginning of the XXI-st centuries among the advanced, high technology and promising medical technologies began to designate itself such interdisciplinary and new scientific directions as cells technology, digital visualization and processing of medical images, medical nanotechnologies, medical robots, etc. Common wealth of medicine, physics and other physics-technical sciences in many countries began to jump on a new level of the systemic, deeply integrated and continuously interacting state for resolving of large, fundamental scientific problems which were earlier impossible to solve by efforts of only doctors, biologists or physicists. The new scientific direction – non-ionizing radiating medical physics in which problems, instead of traditional problems of physics of ionizing radiation and radiating dozimetry, problems of not radiating medicine and biophysics began to join appears and became independent: the studying of weak natural physical fields in a human body, problems of physical and mathematical modeling of processes in bodies and systems of the person, a problem of development of new noninvasive methods of diagnostics on the basis of laser and nanotechnologies, etc. Therefore, since January 2009 in the structure of MONIKI based on the initiative of the deputy director on scientific work, prof. V.I.Shumsky and the Director of the institute, the correspondent member of the Russian Academy of Medical Science, prof. G.A.Onoprienko have occurred respective alterations and on the basis of closed by that time two laboratories «Laser medicine» and «Experimental and clinical pathophysiology» which have lost their scientific mission by means of the order No. 563 from 27.10.2008 the new laboratory «Medical and physical researches» was organized. The Laboratory was headed by the leading expert on medical physics and laser diagnostic technologies at MONIKI, Ph.D., Sci. Dr. Dmitry Rogatkin. At present, the laboratory of medical-physics researches is one of the strongest scientific divisions in the institute, producing up to 30% of scientific outputs of the institute. As we know, it is the first and unique in our country the profile medical-physics laboratory created in the large scientific medical center for specialization in the field of non-ionizing radiation medical physics.
For the first 5 years from the moment of the laboratory organization, during the period 2009-2013 a full work of a vivarium of MONIKI was restored, 18 contracts on scientific and technical cooperation with leading institutions of Russian State Academy of Sciences (Institute of Applied Physics, Institute of Problems of Laser and Information Technology, Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, etc.), with leading higher education institutions (the Moscow State University, MIPT, etc.) as well as with other scientific institutions and organizations were signed. Together with different clinics of MONIKI and together with these organizations 89 various research fragments and full-fledged R&D projects of the fundamental and applied plan were executed. 10 grants, including 1 international grant in a frame of the European FP-7 Program were won. The main directions of our researches in the laboratory became: NMS - a noninvasive medical spectrophotometry (noninvasive laser diagnostics), safety of nanotechnologies, methods of regenerative medicine, bioresorbable polymeric materials for medicine, and also the theory of service medical robots (SMR). As all these study in our laboratory have complex and real multidisciplinary character, a personnel structure of our laboratory consists in both skilled and new young specialists of the most different profile: doctors, biophysics, biologists, medical physicists, medical equipment engineers, etc. It is possible to examine nature of the executed projects, their results and our publications in appropriate sections of the website in more detail.