The Laboratory of medical and physics research ("MedPhys Research Laboratory") is one of the scientific divisions in the Institute in a frame of the Experimental and Clinical Research Department. In our opinion, it is the first and while unique in Russian Federation such a medical-physical laboratory created in a large scientific medical Center for a specialization on the non-ionizing-radiation medical physics. The laboratory was organized in January 2009 by the order of the director of MONIKI No. 563 dated October 27, 2008 on the basis of the decision of the Academic Council of the Institute No. 8 dated 20.10.2008 in order to develop at the Institute of fundamental scientific research at the junction of different fields of medicine, physics and biology, expanding interdepartmental interaction of MONIKI with the leading scientific institutes of the Russian Academy of Science (RAS, at that time also the RAMS), development institutes, higher educational institutions and other enterprises and organizations engaged in the development of new medical technologies, new high-tech methods, devices and apparatus for medicine
The Laboratory consists of 2 scientific groups led by Head of the Laboratory, and a group of laboratorians. Head of the Laboratory is Dr. Dmitry Alekseevich Rogatkin, Ph.D. in physics & mathematics, as well as Sci. Dr. in technical sciences, one of the leading medical physicists in Russia and Honored Scientist of the Moscow Region. Groups of researchers are led by a senior researcher, Ph.D., medical doctor Alexey Andreevich Glazkov, and by a specialist in medical equipment, senior researcher, Ph.D. in technical sciences Denis Grigorievich Lapitan. In their scientific groups the following research fellows are working: researcher, medical physicist, Ph.D. in mathematical and physics sciences Andrey Petrovich Tarasov, young senior researcher, medical doctor, Ph.D. Polina Aleksandrovna Glazkova, young researcher, medical physicist, Ph.D. in mathematical and physics sciences Irina Andreevna Raznitcina, young researcher, zoologist Alexandra Leonidovna Ivlieva, young researcher, medical biophysicist Maria Evgenievna Shtyfluk. Senior laboratory assistant, physiologist Dariya Sergeevna Selivanova, senior laboratory assistance, veterinary expert Mariya Vladimirovna Lopatina, senior laboratory assistance, medical doctor Kseniya Aleksandrovna Krasulina, senior medical laboratorian-assistant Faina Fedorovna Serenko, senior medical laboratorian-assistant Krygina Kseniya Sergeevna, and laboratory assistant-technicians Elizaveta Molchanova assist all of them with their daily work.
Until 2022 the Laboratory also included the MONIKI's vivarium (clinics of experimental animals), and the scientific work of the Laboratory in the direction of experimental research with animals, as well as the scientific group on nanotechnology and biosafety were headed by the skilled expert, Ph.D. in biological sciences, the senior scientific employee in the Laboratory, Dr. Elena Nikolaevna Petritskaya. Direct daily care of animals in the Laboratory was provided together with veterinary doctor Nataliya Olegovna Koval' by vivarium attendants (laboratory assistants) Viktor Adol'fovich Borshinskiy, Tatiana Mikhailovna Evteeva, Alla Andreevna Rudakova, and Oleg Viktorovich Shulgin. The head nurse Ludmila Vasil'evna Sorokina supervised over the work of vivarium's workers. Most of them continue to work in the vivarium today, but now as in the independent structural unit of the Experimental and Clinical Research Department of MONIKI.
Main scientific research line in the Laboratory is the research on laser (optical) methods and devices of Noninvasive Medical Spectrophotometry (NMS), theoretical foundations of NMS, computational problems of light propagation and scattering in biological tissues and media, fundamentals of metrology of methods and instruments of NMS, methods of their application in various fields of medicine. The MONIKI’s scientific School and scientific achievements in this issue is considered today as one of the skilled in Russia. A support of our studies on NMS by four grants of Russian Foundation of Basic Research (RFBR), by two grant of the President of Russian Federation, by a grant of Russian Scientific Foundation (RSF), by two State contracts No.02.512.11.2307 и No.16.512.11.2003, by three grants of Moscow Regional Government, by one international grant No. 251531, project "MediLase" in a frame of European international collaboration program FP-7, as well as by a number of contracts of different Russian and foreign organizations from the real sectors of economy became the best confirmation of that. A number of devices for NMS, created with the participation of the laboratory, were launched onto the real market of medical equipment (diagnostic systems "LAKK-M", "LAKK-OP", tissue reflectance oximeter "Spectrotest", etc.) and have got state certificates for medical application in practical medicine in Russia.
In other areas, the laboratory conducts fundamental scientific research in the field of medical robotics. The issue of creating autonomous mobile service medical robots that are not inferior in their functionality to humans and animals is being studied. Theoretical prerequisites for the construction of intelligent robotic systems with elements of self-awareness are substantiated. The laboratory also has close contacts and conducts joint scientific research with other scientific and clinical divisions of the institute - the department of dermatology, vascular surgery, endocrinology, etc. The possibility and expediency of using NMS diagnostic methods in these divisions to solve various clinical and diagnostic problems is being studied. During the existence of our Laboratory, together with various scientific and clinical divisions of the institute, about 75 different R&D and fragments of R&D have been performed. The use of NMS methods for assessing the risk of developing diabetic foot syndrome in endocrinology, for predicting the individual sensitivity of a tumour to radiation and chemoradiation therapy in radiology, for assessing areas of local hypoxia and inflammation in surgery and dermatology, to predict the development of keloid scars in maxillofacial surgery, to diagnose microcirculatory disorders in vibration disease and to identify contraindications to working with vibration during professional medical examinations have been substantiated. About 20 patents for methods of diagnostics and treatment have been received.
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